Rights of peasants and other people working in rural areas

India - Woman drying chilies - (c)Mohan Dhamotharan
In absolute terms, there have never been more peasants in the world than there are today: the number is currently estimated to be about 1.2 billion at the global level.  While peasant farmers, landless, rural workers, indigenous peoples, livestock herders, small-scale fishers, and their families represent about half of the world's population and constitute the backbone of our food systems, paradoxically, they are also disproportionately affected by hunger.

Peasants are in an increasingly dire situation

According to the UN, close to 80 percent of the people suffering from hunger and chronic malnutrition live in rural areas.  Moreover, peasants are victims of historic and persistent discrimination and other human rights violations such as arbitrary detentions and extrajudicial killings in many countries.

Access to productive resources is crucial for peasants who are consequently those most affected by land grabbing.  Peasants around the world also face increasing constraints from natural resource degradation and climate change.  Price volatility, lack of proper support for peasant agriculture, dumping of agricultural products on local markets, weather-related events and increasing pressures on natural resources put peasants in an increasingly dire situation.

FIAN's Work

Peasants, particularly women, need clear recognition of their right to land, to seeds, to information and technology, to freedom to determine prices and markets for agricultural production, to biological diversity, and to preserve the environment.

FIAN advocates for peasants' rights in an effort to overcome one of the major root causes of hunger. While it is urgent to better implement existing international norms for peasants and other people living in rural areas, we also contribute to addressing the normative gaps under international human rights law, and to elaborating new legal instruments regarding the rights of peasants.  One of these instruments is the declaration on the rights of peasants, which is being discussed in a working group of the UN Human Rights Council. 

 

Latest News

Press Release | 10-12-2018
Peasants' Rights

Facing old ghosts, envisioning the future: Human Rights Declaration turns 70

FIAN International recalls that human rights have an important role to play in overcoming intersecting structural oppression

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Press Release | 20-11-2018
Peasants' Rights

UN Peasants’ Declaration about to cross the finishing line

After yesterday’s vote, the Declaration just needs the green light by the General Assembly plenary in December.

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Press Release | 28-09-2018
Global Governance Indigenous Peoples Peasants' Rights

Three quarters vote yes to peasants and rural workers’ rights at UN HRC

A wide majority of states have said yes to protecting the future of the rural world -and the planet- despite some potholes along the way.

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News | 09-08-2018
Justiciability Peasants' Rights Paraguay

Paraguay: Freedom for the 11 peasants of Curuguaty

On July 26, 2018, the Supreme Court of Paraguay acquitted the eleven peasants accused in the so called Curuguaty Case, and ordered the release of the four peasants who remained in prison.

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Policy Brief | 29-03-2018
Peasants' Rights

Briefing on Collective Rights

Policy Briefing on Collective rights in the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants and other People Working in Rural Areas

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Press Release | 28-03-2018
Global Governance Monitoring and Accountability Natural Resources Peasants' Rights

Public policies for food sovereignty

The first issue of the ‘Think Piece Series Food for Thought’ comes out looking into the political significance of leveraging public policies in support of food sovereignty.

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Policy Brief | 23-11-2017
Natural Resources Peasants' Rights

The Human Right to Land

Position Paper

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Press Release | 06-11-2017
Agrarian Reform Agrofuels Extraterritorial Obligations Gender

New strategy to empower the people, dismantle corporate influence

Convening in Nepal, FIAN representatives the world over identified the current struggles for the right to food and nutrition and strategized about building people’s power.

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News | 06-10-2017
Peasants' Rights

A new step forward

La Vía Campesina, FIAN International and CETIM and its partners are pleased to announce the adoption by the UN Human Rights Council of a new resolution on peasants' rights by a large majority. After several years of intensive work, this is an important milestone victory for the defense of the rights of the rural world.

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Press Release | 19-09-2017
Indigenous Peoples Land Grabbing Peasants' Rights Brazil

Caravana Matopiba urges Brazilian authorities to take action, warns foreign investors

While uncovering the appalling living conditions of affected communities, the delegation points to the involvement of international capital from Europe, Canada and the US in large-scale land acquisition.

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