Rights of peasants and other people working in rural areas
In absolute terms, there have never been more peasants in the world than there are today: the number is currently estimated to be about 1.2 billion at the global level. While peasant farmers, landless, rural workers, indigenous peoples, livestock herders, small-scale fishers, and their families represent about half of the world's population and constitute the backbone of our food systems, paradoxically, they are also disproportionately affected by hunger.
Peasants are in an increasingly dire situation
According to the UN, close to 80 percent of the people suffering from hunger and chronic malnutrition live in rural areas. Moreover, peasants are victims of historic and persistent discrimination and other human rights violations such as arbitrary detentions and extrajudicial killings in many countries.
Access to productive resources is crucial for peasants who are consequently those most affected by land grabbing. Peasants around the world also face increasing constraints from natural resource degradation and climate change. Price volatility, lack of proper support for peasant agriculture, dumping of agricultural products on local markets, weather-related events and increasing pressures on natural resources put peasants in an increasingly dire situation.
Peasants, particularly women, need clear recognition of their right to land, to seeds, to information and technology, to freedom to determine prices and markets for agricultural production, to biological diversity, and to preserve the environment.
FIAN advocates for peasants' rights in an effort to overcome one of the major root causes of hunger. While it is urgent to better implement existing international norms for peasants and other people living in rural areas, we also contribute to addressing the normative gaps under international human rights law, and to elaborating new legal instruments regarding the rights of peasants. One of these instruments is the declaration on the rights of peasants, which is being discussed in a working group of the UN Human Rights Council.
Launched this week, the People’s manual on the Guidelines on Governance of Land, Fisheries and Forests will serve as a reference for affected communities to assert their rights.
Leaders and representatives from Honduran civil society visit the European capital to present the economic, social and cultural rights (ESCR) situation in Honduras and look into the EU’s relationship and commitments with their country.
This report is submitted by civil society as the alternative report to the second report of the State of Honduras for review by the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights during its 58th session in June 2016.
A Honduran civil society-led report reveals that the country’s national policies conflict with the enjoyment of economic, social and cultural rights and leave human rights defenders extremely vulnerable to criminalization and attacks.
From Bajo Aguan to West Bengal, passing through Tunis and Essakane, FIAN International’s Annual Report 2015 conducts a succinct review of all its work throughout the year.
On the occasion of International Day of Peasants’ and Farmers’ Struggles, FIAN International reiterates its support for the future UN Declaration on the human rights of the rural world and reaffirms its criticism to the agribusiness model.
Welcoming the adoption of the first international instrument to address the rights of rural women holistically, FIAN International examines the core elements related to the human right to food and nutrition contained in the General Recommendation No. 34.
After a two-week tour, the Caravan for Land, Water and Seeds reached its final destination, Dakar, and handed over the Convergence book to the Senegalese Government, currently hosting the presidency of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).
On the occasion of International Human Rights Day, FIAN International publishes three analytical briefings, which are part of a series dedicated to feeding into the negotiations around the text for the future UN Declaration on the rights of peasants and other people working in rural areas.
On the occasion of Human Rights Day, FIAN International releases its annual publication, ‘Right to Food Journal’. The publication puts under the spotlight the increasing influence of transnational corporations over policy-making, as well as its detrimental impact on the realization of the human right to food and nutrition.