Agrarian conflicts and struggles for access to land and natural resources are not new phenomena. However, a global process is currently underway whereby powerful foreign private and public investors conclude agreements with states to take possession or control of large surfaces of land, which has an influence on current and future food sovereignty in the host countries. This process is most commonly referred to as land grabbing.
Several factors contribute to the new rush on land: the increased demand for agrofuels; high food prices, leading states that are dependent on food imports to acquire cheap farmland in poorer countries; and the search for stable investment opportunities in the aftermath of the financial crisis. Investors are typically corporations, financial investors and the governments of rich countries. While precise details are hard to come by, it is estimated that at least 70 million hectares of agricultural land have been transferred in the last few years.
The lack of adequate and secure access to land and natural resources for the rural and urban poor is one of the key causes of hunger and poverty in the world. Land grabbing further exacerbates the highly unequal distribution of land ownership, thereby impacting the enjoyment of the human rights of the local population, particularly their right to adequate food.
FIAN, together with small-scale food producers’ organizations, calls for a stop to and a rolling back of land grabbing and supports the Global Alliance Against Land Grabbing, created by those people most affected. In addition, FIAN promotes the effective implementation of the FAO Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests as an internationally accepted standard of governance of land and natural resources, in order to combat poverty and hunger, and as one instrument to fight against land grabbing.
Following intensive advocacy efforts, the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ESCR) addresses the key legal and policy issues that lead these countries to continue to neglect the realization of the right to food and nutrition.
National authorities proceed with the forced eviction of Guarani and Kaiowá Apyka´i community, violating the rights of indigenous peoples once again.
Launched this week, the People’s manual on the Guidelines on Governance of Land, Fisheries and Forests will serve as a reference for affected communities to assert their rights.
Civil society organizations demand to stop land grabbing by the Agro-industrial Company Socfin and to protect the human rights of the communities.
With no access to their legitimate territory, the members of the Guarani and Kaiowá Apyka'i community will be prevented from exercising their fundamental rights as indigenous peoples, including feeding themselves adequately.
Investments by Swedish National Pension Funds in projects involved in human rights abuses and violations were under the spotlight along with the non-inclusion of the right to food and nutrition in Burkina Faso’s national law.
This report is submitted by civil society as the alternative report to the second report of the State of Honduras for review by the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights during its 58th session in June 2016.
A Honduran civil society-led report reveals that the country’s national policies conflict with the enjoyment of economic, social and cultural rights and leave human rights defenders extremely vulnerable to criminalization and attacks.
From Bajo Aguan to West Bengal, passing through Tunis and Essakane, FIAN International’s Annual Report 2015 conducts a succinct review of all its work throughout the year.
A caravan by the Global Convergence of Land and Water Struggles – West Africa will go across the region to get the voices of communities heard and engage national authorities in the realization of the right to food and all related rights.