Land Grabbing

Cambodia - Land Grab - © Roman Herre
Agrarian conflicts and struggles for access to land and natural resources are not new phenomena. However, a global process is currently underway whereby powerful foreign private and public investors conclude agreements with states to take possession or control of large surfaces of land, which has an influence on current and future food sovereignty in the host countries.   This process is most commonly referred to as land grabbing.

Several factors contribute to the new rush on land: the increased demand for agrofuels; high food prices, leading states that are dependent on food imports to acquire cheap farmland in poorer countries; and the search for stable investment opportunities in the aftermath of the financial crisis.  Investors are typically corporations, financial investors and the governments of rich countries.  While precise details are hard to come by, it is estimated that at least 70 million hectares of agricultural land have been transferred in the last few years.

The lack of adequate and secure access to land and natural resources for the rural and urban poor is one of the key causes of hunger and poverty in the world.  Land grabbing further exacerbates the highly unequal distribution of land ownership, thereby impacting the enjoyment of the human rights of the local population, particularly their right to adequate food.

FIAN, together with small-scale food producers’ organizations, calls for a stop to and a rolling back of land grabbing and supports the Global Alliance Against Land Grabbing, created by those people most affected. In addition, FIAN promotes the effective implementation of the FAO Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests as an internationally accepted standard of governance of land and natural resources, in order to combat poverty and hunger, and as one instrument to fight against land grabbing.

    Read more about FAO Voluntary Guidelines on Land Tenure and Natural Resources



Latest news

News | 27-10-2016
Land Grabbing Monitoring and Accountability Honduras Bajo Aguan

Civil society urges Honduras to take immediate action

Civil society organizations worldwide call on Honduras to investigate the recent killings of human rights defenders exhaustively as well as adopt measures for their effective protection.

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Report | 18-10-2016
Global Governance Land Grabbing Natural Resources Seeds

Synthesis Report on Civil Society experiences regarding use and implementation of the Tenure Guidelines and the challenge of monitoring CFS decisions

A contribution of Civil Society to the Global Thematic Event during the 43rd Session of the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) and to developing an innovative mechanism for the monitoring of CFS decisions and recommendations

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Press Release | 18-08-2016
Extraterritorial Obligations Land Grabbing Uganda Mubende

15 years without remedy

Despite more than a decade of mobilization and legal struggle, Mubende evictees have not yet seen justice and continue to suffer the collateral consequences of this brutal act.

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30 years | 01-08-2016
Indigenous Peoples Land Grabbing

The right to live off their ancestral lands

The second series looks into the struggle of indigenous peoples to access and control their traditional lands, as a prerequisite to feed themselves adequately.

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News | 22-07-2016
Extraterritorial Obligations Gender Land Grabbing Mining

Burkina Faso and Sweden singled out by CESCR Committee

Following intensive advocacy efforts, the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ESCR) addresses the key legal and policy issues that lead these countries to continue to neglect the realization of the right to food and nutrition.

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News | 08-07-2016
Indigenous Peoples Land Grabbing Brazil Guarani

Eviction takes place despite national and international efforts

National authorities proceed with the forced eviction of Guarani and Kaiowá Apyka´i community, violating the rights of indigenous peoples once again.

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Press Release | 24-06-2016
Gender Global Governance Indigenous Peoples Land Grabbing

People’s manual to guide the struggles

Launched this week, the People’s manual on the Guidelines on Governance of Land, Fisheries and Forests will serve as a reference for affected communities to assert their rights.

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Impact | 16-06-2016
Land Grabbing Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone: Six land rights activists released through citizen solidarity

Civil society organizations demand to stop land grabbing by the Agro-industrial Company Socfin and to protect the human rights of the communities.

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Press Release | 13-06-2016
Indigenous Peoples Land Grabbing Brazil Guarani

Forced eviction infringing upon Brazil’s Constitution and UN Declaration imminent

With no access to their legitimate territory, the members of the Guarani and Kaiowá Apyka'i community will be prevented from exercising their fundamental rights as indigenous peoples, including feeding themselves adequately.

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Press Release | 10-06-2016
Extraterritorial Obligations Land Grabbing Monitoring and Accountability Natural Resources

Burkina Faso and Sweden under review at UN CESCR Committee

Investments by Swedish National Pension Funds in projects involved in human rights abuses and violations were under the spotlight along with the non-inclusion of the right to food and nutrition in Burkina Faso’s national law.

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