Land Grabbing

Cambodia - Land Grab - © Roman Herre
Agrarian conflicts and struggles for access to land and natural resources are not new phenomena. However, a global process is currently underway whereby powerful foreign private and public investors conclude agreements with states to take possession or control of large surfaces of land, which has an influence on current and future food sovereignty in the host countries.   This process is most commonly referred to as land grabbing.

Several factors contribute to the new rush on land: the increased demand for agrofuels; high food prices, leading states that are dependent on food imports to acquire cheap farmland in poorer countries; and the search for stable investment opportunities in the aftermath of the financial crisis.  Investors are typically corporations, financial investors and the governments of rich countries.  While precise details are hard to come by, it is estimated that at least 70 million hectares of agricultural land have been transferred in the last few years.

The lack of adequate and secure access to land and natural resources for the rural and urban poor is one of the key causes of hunger and poverty in the world.  Land grabbing further exacerbates the highly unequal distribution of land ownership, thereby impacting the enjoyment of the human rights of the local population, particularly their right to adequate food.

FIAN, together with small-scale food producers’ organizations, calls for a stop to and a rolling back of land grabbing and supports the Global Alliance Against Land Grabbing, created by those people most affected. In addition, FIAN promotes the effective implementation of the FAO Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests as an internationally accepted standard of governance of land and natural resources, in order to combat poverty and hunger, and as one instrument to fight against land grabbing.

    Read more about FAO Voluntary Guidelines on Land Tenure and Natural Resources



Latest news

News | 26-01-2016
GNRtFN Land Grabbing Natural Resources Seeds

Caravan for Land, Water and Seeds to mobilize West Africa

A caravan by the Global Convergence of Land and Water Struggles – West Africa will go across the region to get the voices of communities heard and engage national authorities in the realization of the right to food and all related rights.

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Press Release | 15-12-2015
Land Grabbing Natural Resources

Natural resources, a matter of human rights, not business

FIAN International, along with a broad alliance of social movements and civil society organizations, denounces the instrumentalization of the 2012-approved Tenure Guidelines and insists that their implementation must be based on the rights and needs of communities.

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News | 21-09-2015
Indigenous Peoples Land Grabbing Natural Resources Nepal

Bringing Nepalese voices to Europe ahead of UPR

Weeks before the Nepal Universal Periodic Review kicks off, a tour across Europe will expose the difficulties that Nepalese communities face in their daily lives to realize their right to adequate food.

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Press Release | 15-09-2015
Extraterritorial Obligations Indigenous Peoples Land Grabbing Brazil

Voluntary instruments prove inadequate to protect human rights

Civil society calls on Brazil and the EU to support the development of a binding instrument on transnational corporations with respect to human rights and condemns private sector bias in the country.

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News | 11-08-2015
Land Grabbing Zambia

Highlighting land grabbing and malnourishment in Zambia

As levels of malnourishment appear to worsen and land grabbing increases, the land rights expert, Archie Mulunda, will meet the European Commission to discuss the impact of development policies on the Zambian population.

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News | 06-08-2015
Land Grabbing Monitoring and Accountability Natural Resources

Monitoring the Governance of Land, Fisheries and Forests

Given the pressing need to strongly defend the right to land as a human right, a "Monitoring Tool based on the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests" has been introduced.

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Press Release | 12-07-2015
Agrarian Reform Land Grabbing Philippines Hacienda Luisita

Decades-long Struggle for Agrarian Reform

The government of the Philippines should finally complete land distribution and provide essential support services to farmer beneficiaries.

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News | 12-07-2015
Agrarian Reform Land Grabbing Natural Resources Peasants' Rights

Successful land installation in Hacienda Matias, Philippines

Although the Philippine Government has showed commitment to fast-track the land distribution, the process has yet to be finalized by giving land to all farmer beneficiaries and providing support services.

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Press Release | 30-06-2015
Extraterritorial Obligations Land Grabbing Mubende

Uganda urged to give land back to Mubende’s evicted community

The UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural and Social Rights (CESCR) calls on the State of Uganda to take immediate measures to ensure that the rights of those forcibly evicted from Mubende District are restored.

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Events | 26-06-2015
GNRtFN Land Grabbing Nutrition Benin

Mali to host next Global Dialogue on the Right to Adequate Food and Nutrition

The event will serve as a platform to share and build knowledge in fighting hunger and in human rights in West Africa.

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