Land Grabbing

Cambodia - Land Grab - © Roman Herre
Agrarian conflicts and struggles for access to land and natural resources are not new phenomena. However, a global process is currently underway whereby powerful foreign private and public investors conclude agreements with states to take possession or control of large surfaces of land, which has an influence on current and future food sovereignty in the host countries.   This process is most commonly referred to as land grabbing.

Several factors contribute to the new rush on land: the increased demand for agrofuels; high food prices, leading states that are dependent on food imports to acquire cheap farmland in poorer countries; and the search for stable investment opportunities in the aftermath of the financial crisis.  Investors are typically corporations, financial investors and the governments of rich countries.  While precise details are hard to come by, it is estimated that at least 70 million hectares of agricultural land have been transferred in the last few years.

The lack of adequate and secure access to land and natural resources for the rural and urban poor is one of the key causes of hunger and poverty in the world.  Land grabbing further exacerbates the highly unequal distribution of land ownership, thereby impacting the enjoyment of the human rights of the local population, particularly their right to adequate food.

FIAN, together with small-scale food producers’ organizations, calls for a stop to and a rolling back of land grabbing and supports the Global Alliance Against Land Grabbing, created by those people most affected. In addition, FIAN promotes the effective implementation of the FAO Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests as an internationally accepted standard of governance of land and natural resources, in order to combat poverty and hunger, and as one instrument to fight against land grabbing.

    Read more about FAO Voluntary Guidelines on Land Tenure and Natural Resources

 

 

Latest news

Press Release | 25-07-2017
Land Grabbing Monitoring and Accountability Natural Resources

Guide for grassroots movements on tenure bottom-up accountability

A primer to guide rural communities in framing and devising collective action and engagement strategies to strengthen their tenure of land, fisheries and forests is released today.

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News | 24-07-2017
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Sri Lanka must ensure accountability of ESC rights

In addition to addressing high levels of malnutrition and forced evictions, Sri Lanka must guarantee the constitutional recognition and enforceability of economic, social and cultural rights, UN Committee says in concluding observations.

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Press Release | 29-05-2017
Agrarian Reform Income and Social Security Land Grabbing Brazil

Repression against social and political struggles escalate

Under the pretext of "ensuring law and order", the fundamental rights of Brazilians are being violated.

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Press Release | 22-05-2017
Global Governance Land Grabbing Peasants' Rights

One step closer to UN declaration

Intensive negotiations at the UN Human Rights Council conclude with deepened understanding of rural peoples’ rights and with the UN Intergovernmental Working Group gearing up for a 5th session.

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Press Release | 15-05-2017
Extraterritorial Obligations Global Governance Land Grabbing

Strong call by Treaty Alliance as UN process enters new phase

To be successful, the next session should encourage constructive negotiations between States about concrete and detailed elements of the future treaty, so too for the establishment of a road map for their completion, says the Alliance in a recent statement.

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News | 08-05-2017
Extraterritorial Obligations Land Grabbing

The EU must act to stop and prevent land grabbing

With business self-regulation and corporate social responsibility schemes proving to be insufficient for addressing land grabbing-related human rights issues, a new publication points to the obligation of the EU and its Member States to implement a set of policy regulations.

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Press Release | 28-04-2017
Global Governance Land Grabbing Peasants' Rights

Time to change Europe’s land policy

The path to fairer land governance in Europe reached a milestone this week, as the European Parliament approved an own initiative report that recognizes the urgent problems of land concentration, and access to land in the EU and demands for adequate responses.

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Press Release | 04-04-2017
Indigenous Peoples Land Grabbing Peasants' Rights Ecuador

Ecuadorian indigenous and peasant realities land in Europe

Weeks before the Universal Periodic Review, a delegation from Ecuador comes to Europe to give an account of the human right to adequate food and nutrition of peasant and indigenous communities in the country.

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News | 10-03-2017
Extraterritorial Obligations Gender Global Governance GNRtFN

2016, a year of awakening, transformation and revolution

Amid times of change, FIAN International continued supporting struggles for the right to food and nutrition, says its annual report.

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Press Release | 24-02-2017
Land Grabbing Peasants' Rights

Global Peasants‘ Rights Congress around the corner

Peasants the world over will unite in Schwaebisch Hall for a declaration on Peasants' Rights

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