Agrarian conflicts and struggles for access to land and natural resources are not new phenomena. However, a global process is currently underway whereby powerful foreign private and public investors conclude agreements with states to take possession or control of large surfaces of land, which has an influence on current and future food sovereignty in the host countries. This process is most commonly referred to as land grabbing.
Several factors contribute to the new rush on land: the increased demand for agrofuels; high food prices, leading states that are dependent on food imports to acquire cheap farmland in poorer countries; and the search for stable investment opportunities in the aftermath of the financial crisis. Investors are typically corporations, financial investors and the governments of rich countries. While precise details are hard to come by, it is estimated that at least 70 million hectares of agricultural land have been transferred in the last few years.
The lack of adequate and secure access to land and natural resources for the rural and urban poor is one of the key causes of hunger and poverty in the world. Land grabbing further exacerbates the highly unequal distribution of land ownership, thereby impacting the enjoyment of the human rights of the local population, particularly their right to adequate food.
FIAN, together with small-scale food producers’ organizations, calls for a stop to and a rolling back of land grabbing and supports the Global Alliance Against Land Grabbing, created by those people most affected. In addition, FIAN promotes the effective implementation of the FAO Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests as an internationally accepted standard of governance of land and natural resources, in order to combat poverty and hunger, and as one instrument to fight against land grabbing.
Action Guide on getting active in the City of Geneva for the realization of the right to food in countries of the Global South
Right to Food and Nutrition Watch 2013 - Alternatives and Resistance to Policies that Generate Hunger
The Right to Food and Nutrition Watch monitors national, regional and global food security and nutrition policies from a human rights perspective, to detect and document violations as well as situations that increase the likelihood of violations and the non-implementation of human rights obligations that lead to policy failures.
Documentary film on Swedish, Norwegian and Dutch investors in Mozambique land grab
Petition on the Right to Territory for all Indigenous and Traditional Peoples under the Brazilian Constitution
Jakarta, June 12, 2013 - We, La Vía Campesina, call rural and urban organizations and social movements to transform and build a new society based on food sovereignty and justice.
Peter Kayiira is the leader of a community group in Mubende, Uganda, where villagers have been displaced from their land to make way for a coffee plantation. Here he speaks about the struggle and the ...
17 June 2013, Heidelberg – FIAN International strongly criticizes initiatives on food security and nutrition promoted in connection with this year’s G8 summit hosted by Great Britain.
Secretary General Flavio Valente's talk on land grabs and the criminalization of human rights defenders. Given before the US Human Rights Funders Group.
Click here for the audio....
German news program, Panorama, aired a segment on the plight of farmers in Mubende, Uganda who have been displaced from their land since 2001,when they were evicted by the government. The land was giv...
The below video (currently only available in Spanish) is a trailer for the “Les Voy a Contar la Historia” project ("I'm going to tell you a story") by the organization Fundación Chasqui...