Indigenous Peoples

Young Guarani- Kaiowa man in face paint © FIAN International
Indigenous peoples have endured a long history of exploitation and exclusion, dating back to the period of colonization. Discrimination continues to this day in areas such as access to land, healthcare, education and political participation.  Many communities live in extreme poverty and have to fight for their ancestral lands, which the state or companies lay claim upon.   Since many/the majority of indigenous peoples depend on their lands and territories in order to feed themselves the results are all too often hunger and malnutrition.

Legal protections are often insufficient to protect indigenous peoples

In the majority of cases indigenous peoples face hunger because their access to land is denied or their livelihoods are destroyed, for example, by public development projects, mining projects or the current agrofuels boom.  

The rights of indigenous peoples, especially their collective land rights, are internationally protected by Convention 169 of the International Labor Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP). However, despite legal protection, the human rights of indigenous peoples are often violated.  

FIAN's Work

FIAN's work on the rights of indigenous people aims to increase national and international awareness about violations of the rights of indigenous people and to analyze the relevance of the issue from a human rights perspective.  

FIAN contributes to resolving concrete cases of human rights violations,  to ensuring implementation of legal protection of the rights of indigenous peoples at national and international levels and to developing additional human rights protection standards for individuals, groups or communities threatened by landlessness and forced evictions.

Latest News

Press Release | 19-09-2017
Indigenous Peoples Land Grabbing Peasants' Rights Brazil

Caravana Matopiba urges Brazilian authorities to take action, warns foreign investors

While uncovering the appalling living conditions of affected communities, the delegation points to the involvement of international capital from Europe, Canada and the US in large-scale land acquisition.

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Press Release | 19-09-2017
Indigenous Peoples Brazil #tekohaisLife

Talks on indigenous Tekohá on both sides of the Atlantic

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News | 19-09-2017
Indigenous Peoples Brazil #tekohaisLife

‘Tekohá’ Is Life is launched

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Press Release | 12-09-2017
Indigenous Peoples Land Grabbing Peasants' Rights Brazil

Caravana Matopiba uncovers alarming human and environmental costs of agribusiness

During its visits, the delegation observed high levels of agrochemical pollution, diminishing natural resources, land grabbing, as well as significant impact on the health of traditional communities, resulting from increasing soy plantations.

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Press Release | 12-09-2017
Agrarian Reform Agrofuels Climate Change Extraterritorial Obligations

The World Food Crisis: The Way Out

With the world still trapped in a multifold crisis, this year’s Right to Food and Nutrition Watch will take stock of the past decade and present thought-provoking discussions and alternative solutions for finding our way out.

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Press Release | 04-09-2017
Indigenous Peoples Land Grabbing Natural Resources Peasants' Rights

International mission to measure human rights impact of land grabbing kicks off

An international delegation will travel across the Brazilian region of MATOPIBA to document the social, economic, environmental and human rights impact of large-scale land acquisitions.

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Press Release | 18-08-2017
Indigenous Peoples Brazil Guarani

Brazil Supreme Court backs indigenous peoples

In an extraordinary session held this week, the Supreme Court recognized indigenous peoples' rights to the ancestral territories, disregarding the controversial “Marco temporal” theory.

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News | 07-06-2017
Indigenous Peoples Argentina Bolivia Brazil

IACHR meets European counterparts at a critical time

Strengthening the inter-American human rights system must come first for the Americas and be reflected on the EU-OAS dialogue.

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News | 11-05-2017
Indigenous Peoples Peasants' Rights Seeds Paraguay

Seed corporatization threatens Paraguayan communities

Documentary exposes corporate interests prioritized over people’s access to seeds and their right to food

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Press Release | 04-04-2017
Indigenous Peoples Land Grabbing Peasants' Rights Ecuador

Ecuadorian indigenous and peasant realities land in Europe

Weeks before the Universal Periodic Review, a delegation from Ecuador comes to Europe to give an account of the human right to adequate food and nutrition of peasant and indigenous communities in the country.

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