Indigenous peoples have endured a long history of exploitation and exclusion, dating back to the period of colonization. Discrimination continues to this day in areas such as access to land, healthcare, education and political participation. Many communities live in extreme poverty and have to fight for their ancestral lands, which the state or companies lay claim upon. Since many/the majority of indigenous peoples depend on their lands and territories in order to feed themselves the results are all too often hunger and malnutrition.
Legal protections are often insufficient to protect indigenous peoples
In the majority of cases indigenous peoples face hunger because their access to land is denied or their livelihoods are destroyed, for example, by public development projects, mining projects or the current agrofuels boom.
The rights of indigenous peoples, especially their collective land rights, are internationally protected by Convention 169 of the International Labor Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP). However, despite legal protection, the human rights of indigenous peoples are often violated.
FIAN's work on the rights of indigenous people aims to increase national and international awareness about violations of the rights of indigenous people and to analyze the relevance of the issue from a human rights perspective.
FIAN contributes to resolving concrete cases of human rights violations, to ensuring implementation of legal protection of the rights of indigenous peoples at national and international levels and to developing additional human rights protection standards for individuals, groups or communities threatened by landlessness and forced evictions.
What testimonies described as a disproportionate, and therefore illegitimate, use of force by the police, resulted in several people wounded, arbitrary arrests and destroyed property of community members.
In its adopted resolution, the European Parliament expresses its deep concerns over potential amendments in the Brazilian constitutional law that could further undermine indigenous peoples’ rights and calls on national authorities to comply with their human rights obligations.
The report “The Guarani and Kaiowá Peoples’ Human Right to Adequate Food and Nutrition – A Holistic Approach”, offers an interpretation of the situation of the communities from human rights perspective, thereby exposing ongoing violations.
Guarani and Kaiowá leaders from Brazil and supporting organizations will attend the 159th period of sessions of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) to stand up for their right to ancestral territory, also known as tekohá.
A recent report submitted to 65th session of the Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, underlines key gaps that Bangladesh needs to fill.
The fourth of the series looks into the challenges that the rural peoples face despite playing a key role in feeding the world population and the conservation of humanity as a whole.
UN Special Rapporteur on the Right of Indigenous Peoples expresses deep concern over the escalation of violence and the regression in the protection of communities, particularly affecting the Guarani and Kaiowá in Mato Grosso do Sul.
Amid a worrisome political climate in Brazil, a Guarani and Kaiowá representative and supporting organizations go across Europe to denounce human rights violations in a context of increasing tensions and socio-political regression vis-à-vis the indigenous communities in Mato Grosso do Sul.
The second series looks into the struggle of indigenous peoples to access and control their traditional lands, as a prerequisite to feed themselves adequately.
The rights of marginalized groups and indigenous peoples are strengthened in recent decisions by the Supreme Court of Nepal.