The current aggressive expansion of agrofuel production threatens the right to adequate food of the most oppressed groups worldwide. The threats to the right to adequate food arising from agrofuel production include the loss of food autonomy, an increase in the exploitation of natural resources and the diversion of land and food crops for agrofuel production.
Agrofuels exacerbate poverty and hunger in the developing world
Food crops, as well as energy crops, require land and water, both of which are in limited supply. Some crops, such as corn can be used as energy crops. Energy and food issues are therefore closely related and food systems directly respond to developments in the field of agrofuels.
Access to productive resources is a key element of the human right to food. The expansion of agrofuels is one driver of the current land grab and in many cases leads to the loss of access to land and water. The diversion of food crops for agrofuel production has further played an important role in price increases for some staple food crops like wheat, maize, rice and vegetable oils. There is sufficient evidence that the rush to convert food into fuels represents a serious threat to the lives and livelihoods of the poorest and most marginalized sectors of our societies. This, in turn, exacerbates hunger and poverty in the world.
The solutions to global warming and the current energy crisis cannot be reached at the cost of the rights of the hungry and poor people of the world. All strategies to find alternative energy sources must fully comply with international human rights standards. This is why FIAN supports a moratorium on agrofuel production until such time as regulatory structures have been put in place to protect against negative impacts on environmental, social and human rights; and to allow time for new technologies to be devised.
FIAN cooperates closely with small farmers and civil society organizations in order to develop effective strategies to ensure that agrofuel development prioritizes food security above all else.
From Bajo Aguan to West Bengal, passing through Tunis and Essakane, FIAN International’s Annual Report 2015 conducts a succinct review of all its work throughout the year.
A new Haki Zetu booklet, co-published by FIAN and Amnesty International, on "Land and Human Rights" provides information and guidance on how to defend land rights, monitor land policies and violations, advocate, campaign and seek redress for land-related violations.
Fact Sheet on the right to food, agroecology and food sovereignty
National sections of FIAN International in Austria, Belgium and Norway have highlighted some of the concerns and recommendations the Committee issued in its Concluding Observations regarding the strengthening of mechanisms that can guarantee human rights protection and the implementation of extraterritorial obligations (ETOs) of States.
Civil Society movements accused Governments for protecting the interests of the biofuels industry rather than the interests of people pushed into hunger by biofuel policies at the Committee on World Food Security.
Jakarta, June 12, 2013 - We, La Vía Campesina, call rural and urban organizations and social movements to transform and build a new society based on food sovereignty and justice.
The indigenous Guarani-Kaiowá of Mato Grosso do Sul (MS), Brazil have lived in poverty and without access to their ancestral lands since the spread of soy and sugarcane monocultures began in the 1970s.
Victory for indigenous Guarani-Kaiowá of Brazil.