Brazil: Fuel vs. Food - Spreading the Word of the Indigenous Guarani-Kaiowa
The indigenous Guarani-Kaiowá of Mato Grosso do Sul (MS), Brazil – approximately 30,000 people - have lived in poverty and without access to their ancestral lands since the spread of soy and sugarcane monocultures began in the 1970s. In November 2007, the Federal Public Ministry (MPF) and FUNAI (the National Foundation for the Support of the Indigenous Peoples) signed the Terms of Adjustment of Conduct (TAC) - an agreement in which the Government committed to identify and demarcate 36 lands of the Guarani-Kaiowá in MS by 2009. However, this has not yet taken place and the attacks on the indigenous community have continued.
In its adopted resolution, the European Parliament expresses its deep concerns over potential amendments in the Brazilian constitutional law that could further undermine indigenous peoples’ rights and calls on national authorities to comply with their human rights obligations.
The report “The Guarani and Kaiowá Peoples’ Human Right to Adequate Food and Nutrition – A Holistic Approach”, offers an interpretation of the situation of the communities from human rights perspective, thereby exposing ongoing violations.
UN Special Rapporteur on the Right of Indigenous Peoples expresses deep concern over the escalation of violence and the regression in the protection of communities, particularly affecting the Guarani and Kaiowá in Mato Grosso do Sul.
Amid a worrisome political climate in Brazil, a Guarani and Kaiowá representative and supporting organizations go across Europe to denounce human rights violations in a context of increasing tensions and socio-political regression vis-à-vis the indigenous communities in Mato Grosso do Sul.
National authorities proceed with the forced eviction of Guarani and Kaiowá Apyka´i community, violating the rights of indigenous peoples once again.
With no access to their legitimate territory, the members of the Guarani and Kaiowá Apyka'i community will be prevented from exercising their fundamental rights as indigenous peoples, including feeding themselves adequately.
The 1st Federal Court of Dourados hands down the impending eviction order of the Apyka'i Guarani and Kaiowá indigenous community from their traditional territory, thereby jeopardizing their right to food and nutrition.
In an official visit to Brazil, German parliament representatives point to legislative measures that threaten the rights of indigenous peoples and highlight the conflict situation involving the Guarani and Kaiowá in Mato Grosso do Sul.
The UN Special Rapporteur on Indigenous Peoples expresses alarm over the escalation of attacks following her visit this month in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.
Brazilian and international civil-society organizations urge the government of Brazil to stop the systematic persecution of the Guarani and Kaiowá Takwara Community in Mato Grosso do Sul State and to realize their right to land.