| 15-08-2009

Right to Food Quarterly Vol.4, No.1, 2009

2009 has been a particularly difficult year. For the first time in history, the number of undernourished people in the world surpassed the appalling number of 1 billion.

This is far from 400 million envisaged for 2015 by the World Food Summit 1996. As part of the attempt to overcome the world food crisis, several initiatives towards improved governance of the world food system were launched. In this sixth edition of the Right to Food Quarterly, UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, Olivier De Schutter, makes suggestions on how to shape the new role of the reformed Committee on World Food Security of the FAO.

The use of vast stretches of land for agro-fuel instead of food production is one of the root causes underlying the crisis. The oil-rich "Wonder plant", Jatropha, however, does not render the promised fruit but exacerbates the situation of small-scale farmers and pastoralists in India as outlined by Sabine Pabst. A recent case study on Kenya illustrates an additional threat to the right to food derived from the crisis - large-scale land grabbing by foreign companies in countries with wide-spread hunger and malnutrition. Ralf Leonhard and Rolf Künnemann report on their observations.

Another case study on Africa highlights the adverse effects of world agricultural trade on human rights. Armin Paasch and Rolf Künnemann provide unsettling information on violations of the right to food of African peasants. . Dr. Neetu Sharma writes about the renewed interest of India national parties in the right to food that came to the fore during the election campaign at the beginning of 2009. Focussing on children's right to food, Ida-Eline Engh analyses the connection to HIV/AIDS.

Gertrud Falk delivers an insight into the Fair Flowers campaign that strives for the implementation of workers' rights on flower plantations. Jackie Dugard and Sandra Liebenberg focus on the access to sufficient water as a human right dealt with in the South-African Mazibuko case. Sofía Monsalve introduces the idea of a people's framework to eradicate hunger based on the concept of food sovereignty. A preview to the latest Conference on Extraterritorial Obligations and an overview of recent FIAN publications complete the sixth edition of the Right to Food Quarterly.

Published August 2009, by FIAN International, Editor: Wilma Strothenke