Rights of peasants and other people working in rural areas
In absolute terms, there have never been more peasants in the world than there are today: the number is currently estimated to be about 1.2 billion at the global level. While peasant farmers, landless, rural workers, indigenous peoples, livestock herders, small-scale fishers, and their families represent about half of the world's population and constitute the backbone of our food systems, paradoxically, they are also disproportionately affected by hunger.
Peasants are in an increasingly dire situation
According to the UN, close to 80 percent of the people suffering from hunger and chronic malnutrition live in rural areas. Moreover, peasants are victims of historic and persistent discrimination and other human rights violations such as arbitrary detentions and extrajudicial killings in many countries.
Access to productive resources is crucial for peasants who are consequently those most affected by land grabbing. Peasants around the world also face increasing constraints from natural resource degradation and climate change. Price volatility, lack of proper support for peasant agriculture, dumping of agricultural products on local markets, weather-related events and increasing pressures on natural resources put peasants in an increasingly dire situation.
Peasants, particularly women, need clear recognition of their right to land, to seeds, to information and technology, to freedom to determine prices and markets for agricultural production, to biological diversity, and to preserve the environment.
FIAN advocates for peasants' rights in an effort to overcome one of the major root causes of hunger. While it is urgent to better implement existing international norms for peasants and other people living in rural areas, we also contribute to addressing the normative gaps under international human rights law, and to elaborating new legal instruments regarding the rights of peasants. One of these instruments is the declaration on the rights of peasants, which is being discussed in a working group of the UN Human Rights Council.
The path to fairer land governance in Europe reached a milestone this week, as the European Parliament approved an own initiative report that recognizes the urgent problems of land concentration, and access to land in the EU and demands for adequate responses.
On the occasion of the International Day of Peasant’s Struggle, this 17th of April, a large coalition for peasants’ rights appeals for people’s support as negotiations for the UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants and other People Working in Rural Areas draw near.
Ahead of the upcoming negotiations towards a UN declaration on the rights of the rural world, social movements and civil society launch a petition to increase pressure on the EU and its Member States ...
Weeks before the Universal Periodic Review, a delegation from Ecuador comes to Europe to give an account of the human right to adequate food and nutrition of peasant and indigenous communities in the country.
Amid times of change, FIAN International continued supporting struggles for the right to food and nutrition, says its annual report.
Peasants the world over will unite in Schwaebisch Hall for a declaration on Peasants' Rights
The findings of a three-year participatory action research project on the impact of and responses to land grabbing shows that large-scale land acquisition impacts women and men differently.
The EU launch of the Right to Food and Nutrition Watch 2016 allowed the first public debate within the European Parliament on the international dimension of seed policies and regulations as well as the implicit role of the EU.
The fourth of the series looks into the challenges that the rural peoples face despite playing a key role in feeding the world population and the conservation of humanity as a whole.
Launched this week, the People’s manual on the Guidelines on Governance of Land, Fisheries and Forests will serve as a reference for affected communities to assert their rights.