Indigenous Peoples

Young Guarani- Kaiowa man in face paint © FIAN International
Indigenous peoples have endured a long history of exploitation and exclusion, dating back to the period of colonization. Discrimination continues to this day in areas such as access to land, healthcare, education and political participation.  Many communities live in extreme poverty and have to fight for their ancestral lands, which the state or companies lay claim upon.   Since many/the majority of indigenous peoples depend on their lands and territories in order to feed themselves the results are all too often hunger and malnutrition.

Legal protections are often insufficient to protect indigenous peoples

In the majority of cases indigenous peoples face hunger because their access to land is denied or their livelihoods are destroyed, for example, by public development projects, mining projects or the current agrofuels boom.  

The rights of indigenous peoples, especially their collective land rights, are internationally protected by Convention 169 of the International Labor Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP). However, despite legal protection, the human rights of indigenous peoples are often violated.  

FIAN's Work

FIAN's work on the rights of indigenous people aims to increase national and international awareness about violations of the rights of indigenous people and to analyze the relevance of the issue from a human rights perspective.  

FIAN contributes to resolving concrete cases of human rights violations,  to ensuring implementation of legal protection of the rights of indigenous peoples at national and international levels and to developing additional human rights protection standards for individuals, groups or communities threatened by landlessness and forced evictions.

Latest News

Press Release | 18-08-2017
Indigenous Peoples Brazil Guarani

Brazil Supreme Court backs indigenous peoples

In an extraordinary session held this week, the Supreme Court recognized indigenous peoples' rights to the ancestral territories, disregarding the controversial “Marco temporal” theory.

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News | 07-06-2017
Indigenous Peoples Argentina Bolivia Brazil

IACHR meets European counterparts at a critical time

Strengthening the inter-American human rights system must come first for the Americas and be reflected on the EU-OAS dialogue.

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News | 11-05-2017
Indigenous Peoples Peasants' Rights Seeds Paraguay

Seed corporatization threatens Paraguayan communities

Documentary exposes corporate interests prioritized over people’s access to seeds and their right to food

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Press Release | 04-04-2017
Indigenous Peoples Land Grabbing Peasants' Rights Ecuador

Ecuadorian indigenous and peasant realities land in Europe

Weeks before the Universal Periodic Review, a delegation from Ecuador comes to Europe to give an account of the human right to adequate food and nutrition of peasant and indigenous communities in the country.

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News | 10-03-2017
Extraterritorial Obligations Gender Global Governance GNRtFN

2016, a year of awakening, transformation and revolution

Amid times of change, FIAN International continued supporting struggles for the right to food and nutrition, says its annual report.

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Press Release | 23-01-2017
Extraterritorial Obligations Indigenous Peoples Argentina

Violent repression of Mapuche indigenous community in Argentina

What testimonies described as a disproportionate, and therefore illegitimate, use of force by the police, resulted in several people wounded, arbitrary arrests and destroyed property of community members.

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Press Release | 01-12-2016
Indigenous Peoples Brazil Guarani

European Parliament stands up for Guarani and Kaiowá rights

In its adopted resolution, the European Parliament expresses its deep concerns over potential amendments in the Brazilian constitutional law that could further undermine indigenous peoples’ rights and calls on national authorities to comply with their human rights obligations.

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Report | 28-11-2016
Indigenous Peoples Nutrition Brazil Guarani

The Guarani and Kaiowá peoples' human right to food

The report “The Guarani and Kaiowá Peoples’ Human Right to Adequate Food and Nutrition – A Holistic Approach”, offers an interpretation of the situation of the communities from human rights perspective, thereby exposing ongoing violations.

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Press Release | 28-11-2016
Indigenous Peoples Brazil

Guarani and Kaiowá tekohá steps into the IACHR

Guarani and Kaiowá leaders from Brazil and supporting organizations will attend the 159th period of sessions of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) to stand up for their right to ancestral territory, also known as tekohá.

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Press Release | 08-11-2016
Gender Indigenous Peoples Bangladesh

Equal rights for women needed to fight hunger

A recent report submitted to 65th session of the Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, underlines key gaps that Bangladesh needs to fill.

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