Beyond Food Security, towards Food Sovereignty
The first series of “The Struggle for the Right to Food and Nutrition” looks into key concepts within the framework of food sovereignty, beyond the frontiers of food security.
The right to food and nutrition has evolved and continues to do so since it was included in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Yet, it has not evolved enough to prevent 795 million people from facing hunger and to tackle the two billion cases of malnourishment due to imbalanced diets — another form of hunger, mostly affecting children and women of reproductive age.
The current understanding of the right to food tends to be narrow and disregard its nutritional dimension. What does “nutrition” really imply? Food is not a mere commodity or a “medicine” but the expression of a social process of eating and nourishment within which nutritional well-being not only is the ultimate goal, but is also a prerequisite.
At the same time, the role of women is often overlooked: much of hunger and malnutrition happen because women continue to be treated as second-class citizens in most of the world. Can we ensure the right to food and nutrition for all without the full realization of women’s rights?